Amino acids are key building blocks of life and play pivotal role in various metabolic pathways. They mostly act as intermediates often not directly involving proteins. Due to their chemical complexity and dynamic range, their reliable quantitative and qualitative analysis in biological fluids and tissues is crucial for nutritional information, compound identification and diagnostics.
For that purpose, a simple, elegant and thus far the most expeditious method for an invaluable amino acid analysis has been developed. LC/GC-MS based Metamino® kit offers comprehensive solution up to 75 metabolites including basic proteinogenic amino acids, biogenic amines and coenzymes with the possibility to a further analyte extension.
Fig. 1: Mass chromatogram of internal standards, SD1 and SD2. Separation of 5 nmoles of amino acids, using LC-MS MetAmino®
Fig. 2: Mass chromatogram a real sample: Separation of the amino acids in a sample of Budvar beer 12˚ (25 µL of the sample was the initial load). High efficiency of our column and high resolution contribute to a nice peak separation. Sample tested using LC-MS MetAmino®
Fig. 3: Mass chromatogram of a real sample: Separation of the amino acids present in the blood serum (25 µL of precipitated serum was the initial load). High efficiency of our column and high resolution contribute to a nice peak separation. Sample tested using LC-MS MetAmino®
Our LC-MS/GC-MS MetAmino® kits provide fast, robust, reproducible and accurate procedure for the amino acid quantification, where both sample handling and chromatographic separation are taken into account.
Using liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to mass spectroscopy (MS), the method is based on micro-solid phase extraction (MSPE) using special MetAmino® spin filter with proprietary media. MetAmino® microspin filter absorbs derivatized amino acid analytes, which are eluted through the integrated 0.22 μm membrane and afterwards injected into a MetAmino® HPLC column, undergoing a LC-MS analysis. In total, sample preparation takes around 8 minutes and sample analysis 12 minutes, thus the entire experimental time is only 20 minutes.
While using gas chromatography (GC) coupled to MS, the sample is firstly derivatized followed by liquid-liquid microextraction step (LLME). Derivatized analytes migrate into the organic layer which is then directly amenable for a quick detection on GC-MS system. In GC-MS kit, sample preparation time has been shortened to 5 minutes and sample analysis runs 12 minutes. Total experimental time is roughly 17 minutes.
This unique kit meets all emergency requirements and needs of high throughput laboratories and is designed for all end-users seeking high separation efficiency.
What is the type of membrane inside the spin filter?
The membrane is made of NYLON material and its porosity is 0.22 µm. Its diameter is optimized for use with a given spin filter.
It is possible to expand the MetAmino® kit with other analytes.
Yes, the MetAmino® kit can be further expanded. Contact us with detailed information.
May I use the kit for urine as well?
Yes, the MetAmino® kit can be used with urine. The matrix should be without proteins. So, the sample has to be prepared accordingly (centrifugation, filtration).
Can we order the reagents separately?
Yes, the entire set of reagents can be ordered under catalog number MAK-5857-L002.
What is the back pressure of the LC/MS column?
The pressure is 380 bars during the beginning of the analysis, at the end it is 200 bars.
Are MRMs for amino acids given in the MetAmino® Kit were made after derivatization of the standards or before?
The MRM transitions for AAs given in the kit manual are given as transitions of the AA derivatives and not of the native AA
Should the sample of feed be hydrolyzed before working with the MetAmino® Kit?
Precipitation with Precipitation medium (PM) is not an essential step for successful derivatization of the sample. The kit was tested mainly for the analysis of biofluids, which often contain peptides. To avoid their precipitation during derivatization, the precipitation step was included in the sample preparation protocol.
A total analysis of the free and peptide-bound amino acids is required. In this case, we would recommend hydrolyzing the sample and then drying the aliquot of hydrolyzed sample under a nitrogen stream or in a speedvac. We would then dissolve the dried residue in 25 µL of deionized water or 0.1M aqueous HCl (better solubility) and follow the procedure in the manual by adding 10 µL of the IS solution.
As for the peptide hydrolysis, the additives (phenol, thiodiglycol) in the hydrolysis medium could also be derivatized (although they are probably not visible in the full scan). Therefore, we would simply recommend 6M HCl as the hydrolysis medium.
Can we order a MetAmino® GC/MS sample preparation kit for 400 samples?
Not yet, we currently only have a MetAmino® GC/MS sample preparation kit for 100 samples. The kit can be ordered under catalog number MAK-5857-BA01.
There are 78 amino acids in table 1, some of which are not in the available mixes of standards - should we therefore rely on MRM transitions and look at the retention time or are these the standards that we should buy if we want to determine them?
For quantification purposes the MetAmino kit contains - one bottle of SD1 standard solution included in the kit contains 33 amino acids: AAA, ABA, ALA, APA, ARG, ASP, BAIBA, CC, CIT, CTH, GABA, GLU, GLY, GPR, HIS, HLY, HYP, ILE, LEU, LYS, MET, 1MHIS, 3MHIS, ORN, PHE, PHP, PRO, SAR, SER, THR, TPR, TYR, VAL and bottle of SD2 with lyophilized mixture of 3 amino acids: ASN, GLN, TRP. However, the amino acid set can further be expanded to other compounds containing primary or secondary amino functional groups.
The masses (m/z) reported in the manual are correct and represent M+H+ ions. The masses (m/z) and the retention times from the manual were obtained from the linear ion trap LTQ instrument however, the data from the Certificate of analysis were obtained from Q Exactive plus HRMS instrument. In both cases, the same column, flow rate, and mobile phase composition were used. The retention times (RT) are experimental values and the discrepancy especially for late eluting compounds would be caused by using different LC/MS instruments.
How can I predict how much to dilute a sample?
It depends on the concentration of analyzed amino acids in the sample. The total amount of amino acids in the sample taken to the reaction should not exceed 1.2 μmoles. The amount of sample also depends on the LCMS instrument.
How much sample we need to take to hydrolisys with 6M HCl to use it with MetAmino® kit?
You can take a higher amount of sample for AA hydrolysis (e.g. 50 micrograms in 300 microliters of 6M HCl) and finally take a few microliters (remove the acid in the speedvac or under the nitrogen stream) for the Metamino workflow.
In which point should the sample be diluted? After hydrolysis of the sample and before applying the kit? Or is it possible after the complete application of the kit (finished sample)?
The reaction is designed to analyze aqueous samples, so if 25 μL of the sample gives an overloaded signal, I would recommend diluting the sample with deionized water. It is also possible to dilute the finished sample.
How much derivatizing reagent is used during derivatization process of the sample? How can I be sure that the reaction is 100%?
The derivatization agent is sufficient to derivatize 1.2 μmol total amount of amino acids. The derivatization and the purification don´t always proceed at 100%. If you perform the derivatization of samples and calibration points in the same way, you should obtain the correct values. (Even if the effectivity of the derivatization and the micro spin purification is lower than 100%).
Sorbents for the MSPE technique are chosen to cover the widest possible field of applications. MSPE SpeExtra C18 is a hydrophobic type of octadecyl silica gel with a special endcapping. It is suitable for a wide range of analytes, showing lower retention for polar compounds. MSPE SpeExtra C18-P is a polar modified monomeric octadecyl silica gel. It offers different types of interactions: dipole-dipole, π-π and hydrophobic. It is therefore suitable for aromatic and polar compounds. MSPE SpeExtra HLB polymer sorbent with high specific surface area and special endcapping. It has a hydrophilic and lipophilic modification ensuring universal use and a higher capacity than C18 silica gel.
Hemp contains hundreds of cannabinoids with Cannabidiol (CBD) being the most prevalent in the plant and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) being the active ingredient causing psychotropic effects. However, many more compounds are formed by the hemp plant and have been investigated for their medical effects. This limit often requires THC remediation of the distilled hemp extract (starting material) and can be achieved using preparative scale chromatography such as the puriFlashR XL-Cannabis system. HPLC analysis of the starting material (third pass distillate), fractions collected during the remediation process, and the finished product can be performed using the Advion AVANT HPLC-UV analytical system. Both the purification and analytical processes are shown in this application note to form a complete solution for THC remediation in the hemp industry.
puriFlah® L-Canabis instrument with the output up to 4.3 kg/day (columns up to 15 cm ID)
puriFlah® XL-canabis instrument with the output up to 12.2 kg/day (columns up to 20 cm ID)